In accordance with Article III of the Protocol concerning Regional Co-operation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Case of Emergency, the Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Centre (MEMAC) was established in 1982. The main objectives of MEMAC are: to strengthen the capacities of the Contracting States and to facilitate co-operation among them in order to combat pollution by oil and other harmful substances in cases of marine emergencies; and to assist Contracting States, which so request, in the development of their own national capabilities to combat pollution by oil and other harmful substances and to co-ordinate and facilitate information exchange, technological co-operation and training. The permanent headquarters of MEMAC are located in the Kingdom of Bahrain.